Trends in Depressive Symptoms and Associated Factors During Residency, 2007 to 2019: A Repeated Annual Cohort Study: Annals of Internal Medicine: Vol 0, No 0

Affiliations:

Michigan Neuroscience Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (Y.F., E.F., Z.Z.)

Departments of Anesthesiology and Epidemiology, University of Michigan, and VA Center for Clinical Management Research, Ann Arbor, Michigan (A.S.B.)

Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil (K.P.)

Michigan Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (J.C.)

Department of Biostatistics and Institute of Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (W.D.)

Michigan Neuroscience Institute and Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (S.S.).

Acknowledgment: The authors thank the training physicians for taking part in this study.

Grant Support: By grant R01MH101459 from the National Institute of Mental Health. Dr. Pereira-Lima was supported by a research fellowship grant 2018/21480-4 from São Paulo Research Foundation. Ms. Cleary was supported by grant T32HD007109 from the National Institutes of Health.

Disclosures: Authors have reported no disclosures of interest. Forms can be viewed at www.acponline.org/authors/icmje/ConflictOfInterestForms.do?msNum=M21-1594.

Reproducible Research Statement:Study protocol: Further details are available from Dr. Sen (e-mail, ). Statistical code: Statistical code supporting the analysis will be made available in GitHub 18 months after 2019 cohort completion. Data set: A deidentified data set supporting the results in this analysis will be made available in ICPSR (www.icpsr.umich.edu) 18 months after 2019 cohort completion.

Corresponding Author: Srijan Sen, MD, PhD, Michigan Neuroscience Institute, University of Michigan, 205 Zina Pitcher Place, Ann Arbor, MI 48109; e-mail, .

Author Contributions: Conception and design: Y. Fang, A.S.B. Bohnert, E. Frank, S. Sen.

Analysis and interpretation of the data: Y. Fang, K. Pereira-Lima, E. Frank, Z. Zhao, W. Dempsey, S. Sen.

Drafting of the article: Y. Fang.

Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: Y. Fang, A.S.B. Bohnert, K. Pereira-Lima, J. Cleary, E. Frank, S. Sen.

Final approval of the article: Y. Fang, A.S.B. Bohnert, K. Pereira-Lima, J. Cleary, E. Frank, Z. Zhao, W. Dempsey, S. Sen.

Provision of study materials or patients: S. Sen.

Statistical expertise: Y. Fang, A.S.B. Bohnert, W. Dempsey.

Obtaining of funding: S. Sen.

Administrative, technical, or logistic support: S. Sen.

Collection and assembly of data: E. Frank, Z. Zhao, S. Sen.

This article was published at Annals.org on 16 November 2021.

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